The Ming dynasty was the last imperial dynasty of China ruled by Han Chinese. Although the primary capital of Beijing fell in to a rebellion led by Li Zicheng who established the Shun dynasty , soon replaced by the Manchu -led Qing dynasty , numerous rump regimes loyal to the Ming throne — collectively called the Southern Ming — survived until The Hongwu Emperor r. This failed when his teenage successor, the Jianwen Emperor , attempted to curtail his uncles' power, prompting the Jingnan Campaign , an uprising that placed the Prince of Yan upon the throne as the Yongle Emperor in The Yongle Emperor established Yan as a secondary capital and renamed it Beijing , constructed the Forbidden City , and restored the Grand Canal and the primacy of the imperial examinations in official appointments.
The Song often came into conflict with the contemporaneous Liao , Western Xia and Jin dynasties to its north. It was eventually conquered by the Mongol -led Yuan dynasty. The Song government was the first in world history to issue banknotes or true paper money nationally and the first Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy. This dynasty also saw the first known use of gunpowder , as well as the first discernment of true north using a compass. During this time, the Song court retreated south of the Yangtze and established its capital at Lin'an now Hangzhou. Although the Song dynasty had lost control of the traditional "birthplace of Chinese civilization" along the Yellow River , the Song economy was still strong, as the Southern Song empire contained a large population and productive agricultural land.
Expand Dong is a photoshop meme featuring the face of the Nintendo character Donkey Kong with perverted captions below it. While the image and similar parodies were already shared on the online imageboard 4chan at the beginning of , they managed to inspire an even larger series of similar parodies featuring several other video game characters on the microblogging website Tumblr later that year. The images commonly follow the style of Tony Kornheiser's "Why" reaction face. The image shows a digitally composited caption that consists of the words "Expand" and "Dong" cut out from the box art for the Nintendo 64 platformer game Donkey Kong
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